Category: US

The RAISE Act, a Thinly Veiled Attempt to Make America Off Limits to Many Immigrants

 

Rohin Ghosh

August 7, 2017

_RAISEAct

Senators Tom Cotton (R-AR) and David Perdue (R-GA)

the White House along with President Trump, speaking in support

of the RAISE Act.  (Photo Credit: Migration Policy Institute)

 

President Trump has endorsed a bill introduced by far right senators, Tom Cotton (R-AR) and David Perdue (R-GA) called the “Reforming American Immigration for Strong Employment Act” or RAISE Act.  This bill doesn’t target undocumented immigrants, instead, it seeks to drastically reduce legal immigration.  The bill would cap the number of people who receive green cards at 500,000, a fifty percent decrease from the current number.  The RAISE Act also proposes a change to the process that new immigrants go through to get a green card.  The bill would start using a points based immigration system.  This means that applicants for a green card would be awarded points based on job skills, proficiency in English, and other factors.   Candidates with the most points would be able to achieve residency status in the US. The RAISE Act would also place a cap of 50,000 on the number of refugees admitted to the US.  Another drastic measure which the RAISE Act will enact if it is passed is the halting of admissions of new immigrants based on family relationships in the US for siblings and adult children of Americans.

The RAISE Act would spell disaster for several sectors of the economy and would break with long-standing American policy.  The bill is a way for extreme Republican senators to appease xenophobic members of their base.   The RAISE Act would do little to benefit the economy but would devastate sectors that rely heavily on immigrant labor.  In addition, the new restrictions of refugees would make legal status harder to achieve for people who depend on it for their lives.  The Trump Administration’s anti-refugee policies have already resulted in thousands of people leaving the United States to seek safety in neighboring Canada. Proponents of the RAISE Act’s “merit based” admission system cite that this procedure is used in Canada and Australia, however, they fail to realize that both of these countries allow in more immigrants as a percentage of their populations.  Historically, most of the immigrants that have made up the backbone of the US have been poorer, lower skilled people.  The American population is aging quickly and new immigrants are crucial to replenishing the workforce as the Baby Boomer generation ages and retires.  Immigrants also start businesses at a higher rate than native-born citizens, according to the Small Business Administration.  Bureau of Labor statistics indicate that almost half of all private sector jobs are in small businesses and 64% of all new private sector jobs are in small business.  Far from taking American jobs, immigrants are constantly creating new wealth and employment opportunities for American citizens.   The new immigration system proposed by the RAISE Act would also likely change the ethnic makeup of immigrants coming to the US.  Because wealthier, English-speaking immigrants with higher education would be preferred, more Europeans would be granted legal status.  Most European countries are wealthier and have higher English speaking populations than countries in other regions of the world.  The RAISE Act would, therefore, cause much more of the immigrant population to be White.

Perhaps most ironically, President Trump’s grandfather, Frederick Trump was a low skilled immigrant from Germany.  People who seek to immigrate to the US in a fashion similar to him as well as the ancestors of other supporters of immigration restrictions would have likely not been able to enter under restrictive policies like the RAISE Act.  Additionally, President Trump’s wife, Melania Trump would have been affected by the lower number of green cards issued under the RAISE Act if she were to try to gain entry into the United States under similar laws.

Luckily, enough Republicans have declared opposition to the RAISE Act for the bill to fail.  Republicans can only afford to lose two votes in the Senate and several Republican senators have already expressed concerns about the basic premise of reducing legal immigration.  However, opponents of this disastrous legislation cannot be complacent.  There are definitely strong elements of the Republican caucus who support xenophobic cuts to immigration.  A lack of Republican legislative achievements so far also increases the likelihood that some moderate Republican representatives and senators will try to get the RAISE Act passed.

For Democrats, the best way to fight the RAISE Act is to harness grassroots opposition in states with high immigrant populations that also have Republican senators.  Senators Jeff Flake from Arizona and Dean Heller from Nevada both come from states with high immigrant populations and are running for reelection in 2018.  Other moderate Republican senators who depend on immigrant votes include John McCain (R-AZ), Cory Gardner (R-CO), and Marco Rubio (R-FL).  Large numbers of constituents contacting senators have helped convince senators to change their votes in the past.  Making sure that Senators from states with high immigrant populations know that a large portion of their constituents opposes xenophobic legislation like the RAISE Act can ultimately result in the defeat of this bill and other bills like it.   If you live in the following states, be sure to let your senator know that you do not approve of the RAISE Act:

DSC_0034-1024x632

Immigrants being sworn in as new American citizens in Seattle, Washington.  (Photo credit: Murray.Seattle.gov)

 

 

 

Act Fast, and You can Help Save our National Monuments from President Trump

Visit this site to submit your comments regarding the protection of our National Monuments.  The deadline for comments is July 10.

 

 

 

Rohin Ghosh

July 8, 2017

 

Indian-creek_and_Cliffside                 Superbloom_at_Carrizo_2017

Bears Ears (left) and Carrizo Plain (right) National Monuments in Utah and California.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

 

In May, the US Department of Interior under the leadership of Secretary Ryan Zinke announced that it would be “reviewing” the status of 27 national monuments.  Some of the monuments under review include the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monuments in Utah, Craters of the Moon in Idaho, as well as the  Carrizo Plain, San Gabriel Mountains, and Sand to Snow National Monuments in California.  Based on previous statements which show the Trump administration’s ideology of “money first- environment last”,  many of the monuments may be opened up for mining and energy development.

One of the most controversial decisions made by the Interior Department was to recommend to the president that the Bears Ears Monument’s size is drastically reduced.  Bears Ears National Monument contains dramatic areas of wilderness with stunning rock formations and also is home to sacred sites and rock art from five different Native American nations, the Navajo (Dine), Hopi, Zuni, and Ute.  When President Obama created the monument using his authority to protect sites with natural or historical importance under the Antiquities Act of 1906, the conservation and management plan for Bears Ears was set up by a coalition of the different Native tribes in the area.  This was the first time that several Native tribes were able to jointly conserve an area of wilderness.

Another monument under threat is the Carrizo Plain in California.  Carrizo Plain is one of the last remaining untouched areas of arid California Valley Grassland.  These grasslands once stretched all across the south-central portion of California.  The desert of Carrizo Plain bursts into dazzling displays of wildflowers each spring turning hillsides yellow and purple as they become covered in the blooming flowers.  The plain also hosts the last herds of pronghorn in California that still inhabit their ancestral Valley Grassland habitat west of the Sierra Nevada as well as being the home of over a dozen threatened or endangered species including the San Joaquin Kit Fox.  Carrizo Plain also contains geological wonders including the San Andreas Fault and historical sites including the remains of old ranch buildings and Native American petroglyphs (rock art).

Sadly, both Bears Ears and Carrizo Plain National Monuments are suspected to contain oil reserves.  Oil companies have been seeking leases on these treasured lands for years and now both Bears Ears and Carizzo Plain, as well as 25 other national monuments may be up for grabs for destruction at the hands of oil, gas, and mining companies.  If the Department of Interior decides to open these monuments up for resource extraction, the last remnants of our arid California Valley Grasslands and the wildlife that inhabit them will only exist in books.  The sacred Native American sites of Bears Ears or the stunning geological formations of the Grand Staircase-Escalante may be swept away to history.

Several environmental organizations and Native American tribal governments have already filed lawsuits saying that revoking status for monuments can violate the Antiquities Act.  These lawsuits are backed by several companies that sell outdoor equipment and have a vested interest in preserving public lands.  Some of these companies include REI, Patagonia, and the North Face.  The Department of Interior has also allowed citizens to submit comments regarding the “review” of monuments.  The best thing that we can do to protect our National Monuments is to submit sincere comments to Secretary of Interior Zinke.  Several groups have made it easier to submit comments but act fast, the deadline for comments is July 10.

 

Visit this site to submit your comments regarding the protection of our National Monuments.

Tom Perez Elected to Lead DNC; Progressives, Please don’t Panic!

By Rohin G.  February 26, 2017

thomas_perez_assistant_attorney_general_for_civil_rights_official_portrait

 

u-s-_democratic_party_logo_transparent-svg

 

Former Labor Secretary and new DNC chair, Tom Perez

Photo Credits-Wikimedia Commons

On Saturday, February 25, former labor secretary Tom Perez narrowly beat progressive congressman, Keith Ellison for the post of chair in the Democratic National Committee.  Many staunch progressives, including myself, who had supported Congressman Ellison for DNC chair were disappointed by the results of the day’s vote.  Not only had our favored candidate lost the race to become chair of the DNC, the delegates present also voted down a resolution which would ban corporate lobbyist donations to the party.  Tom Perez was the Secretary of Labor during President Obama’s second term and led the civil rights division of Justice Department during Obama’s first term.  Although Perez is considered by many to have been one of the most progressive members of the Obama administration,  many also consider him to be a member of the Democratic Party’s establishment wing.

Although the results of the DNC elections are disappointing to many progressive activists, there has been significant progress in the DNC.  Although the delegates voted not to ban lobbyist donations to the party, new chair, Tom Perez has expressed concern over the “corrosive influence of money in politics”.  Perez has also praised the small dollar fundraising practices used by Senator Bernie Sanders’ primary campaign, stating in an interview with the Huffington Post, that he wanted to look into implementing fundraising practices that draw upon small donations instead of donations by large corporations and super-PACs.  Chairman Perez has also been an advocate for empowering activists and protesters against President Trump’s agenda.  Perez has supported a strategy by the DNC that involves working in all states and not just during election years.  This strategy based on local parties will help reduce that harmful effects of President Trump’s policies and help the Democratic party stay relevant with voters across the country.

Probably the Best thing for progressive activists that the new chair, Tom Perez has done so far, is naming Congressman Keith Ellison as deputy chair.  Now, a staunch progressive is at the table to make decisions at the DNC.  This morning, Perez and deputy chair, Ellison held a joint press conference.  In showing a sign of party unity, they wore each other’s campaign pins.  In addition to this, Tom Perez stated that he supports healthy primary contests for incumbent democratic candidates, opening the door to more progressive candidates.  It is quite clear that chair Tom Perez is ready to work with progressive members of the Democratic Party.  Although progressive activists’ top candidate lost the race for DNC chair, this DNC is one of the most progressive we have seen.  So, fellow progressives, stay strong and keep fighting for a better America.

 

 

 

Why Congressman Keith Ellison is the Best Person to Lead the Democratic Party

 

 

keithellison

Rep. Keith Ellison (D-MN)  Photo Credit, Wikimedia commons.

Dear Fellow Democrat,

As a fellow democrat and concerned citizen, I want what is best for our country and our party.  I am a student in the 8th grade in Palo Alto, CA and am concerned about the direction of our country yet I see some amazing grassroots energy everywhere.  In the era of President Trump, how do we enact a progressive agenda?  How do we protect the rights of the LGBTQ community or the Muslim community or those who are undocumented or seeking asylum the US?  How do we protect and restore our environment or ensure all have access to education and healthcare?  And how do we make the Democratic Party win elections and pass legislation again?  On Saturday, you will vote on who will lead our party.  The election for DNC chair is a question of who will lead us in standing up to the racist and bigoted agenda of President Trump and his team.

I believe that as a party we need to stop taking money from lobbyists and large corporations.  We need to stand up for the American people and represent them and not just for the wealthy.  While you have been excellent advocates for all Americans, many politicians, even in our own party have become far too connected with special interest lobbyist dollars which are essentially bribes.  Congressman Keith Ellison is the best candidate to lead our party back to victory and empower our activists and lawyers to stand up and fight back against the extreme and dangerous agenda of the Trump administration.  He has been a vocal proponent of progressive policies such as universal health care and campaign finance reform in congress for years.  Congressman Ellison helped organize efforts to successfully defeat harmful voter id. laws in Minnesota.  He has shown that he knows what it takes to connect with working class voters in midwest.  Keith Ellison can unite our party and has been endorsed by people from many different segments of the Democratic Party.  He has drawn endorsements from prominent civil rights leader, Congressman John Lewis.  Congressman Ellison has also been embraced for his steadfast progressive values by Senators Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren as well as many progressive activists.  Congressman Ellison is also supported by many more moderate democrats including senate minority leader, Chuck Schumer and former leader of senate democrats, Harry Reid.  It is because of his broad support, skill at winning elections and organizing, and staunch progressive values that Congressman Keith Ellison is the right candidate to become chair of the Democratic National Committee.  Keith Ellison deserves your vote to become chair of the DNC.

Sincerely,

Rohin Ghosh

This Letter was originally sent to Congresswoman Anna Eshoo and Senators Kamala Harris and Dianne Feinstein.

Education Secretary Betsy DeVos; What Might Happen

ap_17017806021690_slide-94eaaab44768d8a2a47a1488bbed932c7fa5935e-s900-c85

Photo Credit: NPR

On Tuesday of this week, Betsy DeVos was confirmed as secretary of education by the United States Senate.  The vote was extremely close with 50 senators, all republicans voting yes, and 50 senators, all democrats, and two republicans voting to block DeVos’ confirmation.  Vice President, Mike Pence broke the tie with an obvious vote for confirming DeVos as education secretary.  The two republicans who defected were Susan Collins (R-Maine) and Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska).  Betsy DeVos is a billionaire who has made massive contributions to the Republican Party and has also been an ardent advocate for “school choice” policies.

DeVos has received criticism for her stances on issues and her lack of knowledge and experience on several education issues.  This lack of knowledge was evident when in her confirmation hearing, DeVos repeatedly admitted her not knowing about laws important to her position.  Betsy DeVos has never attended public school or university nor has she ever taken out a student loan.  In addition to this, none of the DeVos family has ever relied on government sponsored education.  DeVos infamously dodged a question on whether or not she would defund public schools.  In addition to that, DeVos seemed to make up statistics that were not true, at one time even stating that student debt has risen by “980%”, something that is not true.   When asked about how she would reduce student debt, DeVos refused to give detailed answers to several questions.  DeVos also took criticism when in response to a question from Senator Murphy (D-CT) regarding whether or not firearms should be permitted in schools, she stated that the issue should be left up to states, citing that a rural school in Wyoming needs guns to protect against “potential grizzlies” referring to the fact that the school actually needed a fence to protect from bears.  In fact, that school does not have any guns because there is no need for them.

Betsy DeVos is an ardent supporter of “school choice policies” including vouchers that can be used for school tuition fees. Voucher programs divert government funding away from public schools and into sending low-income children to private, for-profit schools.  DeVos also supports charter schools and voucher programs that include religious schools.  Proponents of vouchers state that they allow parents to make decisions about their children’s education.  They cite that having many private school options allows market forces to increase the number of students in the most preferred schools.  However, there are many ways that many Americans could by harmed by vouchers and other “school choice” programs.  The money given to families in order to help them afford private school tuition is money that is saved by cutting funding from public schools.  In addition, the voucher check that a low-income family receives is often less than the full cost of the private or charter school in their locality.  This leaves many families with a choice between an underfunded public school with few resources or a private school which they cannot afford (not a very good choice).  Most school voucher programs also subsidize religious schools, something that is constitutionally dubious.  In DeVos’ home state of Michigan where voucher programs were implemented, largely due to lobbying by the DeVos family, many issues brought up by “school choice” programs came to light.  Currently, many of the public schools in the Detroit, Michigan area are infamously underfunded, understaffed and in need of repair.  Many of the harshest opponents to Betsy DeVos’ confirmation were teachers.  In fact, most of the immense number of phone calls made to senators came from citizens mobilized by teachers’ unions.

Another concern that many people have about DeVos’ leadership in the department of education is that of protecting the rights of minority students, especially LGBTQ students and the teaching of religion in schools.  Although she has donated to religious organizations that oppose laws against discrimination against gay students, DeVos pledged to protect all students when asked about the issues in her hearing.  DeVos’ stance on religious curriculum is more complicated.  She has advocated for teaching creationism over evolution in public schools in the past.  When asked about her stance on the issue of teaching evolution, DeVos gave an answer which was extremely vague, stating that she “supported science”.  When pressed further about her opinions, DeVos refused to go into further detail.

Another tense issue is that of special education for students with mental disabilities.  When asked about whether or not she would support programs to help disabled students protected under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA by Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA), DeVos responded that the issue was best left up to states.  After being pressed by senators about her stance on the issue, DeVos doubled down, saying that she would enforce all laws passed by congress and supported special education and school choice for students with mental illnesses.  However, voucher programs have often resulted in special needs students losing access to programs that help them.

In addition to her vague but controversial stances on issues, Betsy DeVos may have conflicts of interest or ethics problems.  She allegedly has gained from investments in student debt and also allegedly plagiarized part of her written testimony to the Senate.

With all the controversy surrounding Betsy DeVos, many teachers, students, parents, and concerned citizens are wondering how much she can change the education department.  The main thing that she can do immediately is reducing enforcement of discrimination laws, something she has pledged not to do.  Instituting voucher programs would require congressional approval.  Although Republicans hold a majority, many rural areas depend on strong public schools.  Several Republicans from rural, midwestern states have constituents from these areas.  With many congresspeople and senators up for re-election in 2018, we can be hopeful that a federal voucher program is unlikely to happen.

President Trump’s Wall Executive is Opposed by Mexico and Many Who Work in Protecting the Border and May Cause a Trade War

58887bb6c361888b558b45cd

Photo Credit: RT

After President Donald Trump signed an executive order to begin construction on a wall along the US-Mexico border, former president of Mexico, Vicente Fox was adamant that Mexico would not compensate the US for this wall.  During an interview on CNN, Fox repeated his previous comments to CNN’s reporter, Anderson Cooper that “Mexico will not pay for that f**king wall, Americans should pay for it.”  Sean Spicer, Trump’s press secretary stated that the Trump team will make Mexico will pay for the wall through massive tariffs on Mexican goods being exported to the US.  Former-President Fox fired back stating that If the US were to put tariffs on Mexican goods, Mexico would respond by putting higher tariffs on American exports to Mexico.  American exports to Mexico total more than 240 billion dollars.  A trade war with the US’ fourth largest trade partner would do immense damage to the economies of both countries.

Many people involved in border security have said that a wall will be a waste of resources and time.  Many agents with US Customs and Border Patrol have stated that a wall will not do much to stop illicit traffic in narcotics or people.  The majority of undocumented migrants enter legally but overstay visas.  Those who do sneak into the border normally work as seasonal laborers in agriculture during planting or harvesting times for crops and then return home to Mexico.  Other agents simply state that a wall would be easy to cross with ladders or tunnels.   A fence already exists for much of the border and has helped in many areas but failed to make any difference in others.  Building a wall along the border would also require the seizure of hundreds of private properties in South Texas due to most of the land being privately owned and used for agriculture.  Much of the mountainous terrain in West Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona make building any sort of infrastructure impossible.  For President Trump to build his planned wall, all of these hurdles must be dealt with.

A Look Back at the Hearings for the Most Controversial Cabinet Appointments

Over the past two weeks,  almost all of the soon-to-be president Trump’s nominees for cabinet positions had confirmation hearings in senate committees.  Most, if not all of the nominees are expected to be confirmed to their positions however some have been very controversial.  Below is a list of the most controversial nominees and any information on their controversies and highlights from their hearings.

 

Attorney General: Jeff Sessions

jeff_sessions_official_portrait

Senator Sessions was accused of racism and was denied a federal judgeship in 1986.  In his hearing, he faced questions about his positions on voting rights, LGBT rights, women’s rights, immigration and criminal justice.  Sessions touted his defense of civil rights laws and voting rights while district attorney for the state of Alabama and his senate vote to extend the voting rights act.  Sessions was adamant that he would enforce all laws equally including those that he did not agree with.  Senator Jeff Sessions is expected to be confirmed.

Secretary of State: Rex Tillerson

download-2

Tillerson is the former CEO of the oil company, Exxon Mobil.  He was accused of holding close ties with the Russian government and faced tough questioning from both Democrats and Republicans.  Tillerson said that standing up to Russian aggression was necessary but also argued that engagement with Russia was necessary.  Tillerson was also asked about human rights in several countries.  He stated that he did not have enough information to determine whether or not the Phillippine president Duterte’s war on drugs was a human rights violation but did state that if some of the allegations against Duterte are proven to be true, Tillerson would consider them a violation of human rights.  Tillerson also stated that he would continue to encourage Saudi Arabia to move towards improving human rights but refused to label the country as a blatant violator of human rights fearing that that would garner unintended repercussions.  Tillerson will likely be confirmed, however, his chances are lower than other nominees because he is opposed by some republican senators, namely Marco Rubio.

Environmental Protection Agency: Scott Pruitt

download-3

When Scott Pruitt, the former attorney general of Oklahoma was appointed to lead the EPA, many progressives were concerned about his ties to the fossil fuel industry, his denial of climate change, and his lawsuits against the EPA over regulations concerning air and water pollution.  During his hearing, Pruitt faced tough questioning on all of these issues and pledged to follow recommendations from scientists and protect air and water quality.  He will likely be confirmed.

Education Secretary: Betsy DeVos

betsy_devos_2005_crop

A prominent Michigan republican, DeVos is an ardent supporter of school vouchers which siphon government funding away from public schools and into charter schools and private schools.  She also supports teaching Christian religious beliefs in schools.  DeVos faced questions on all of these issues but was unable to give definite answers.  She also refused to condemn guns in all schools stating that rural schools have different needs than urban ones, citing a school in Wyoming which has a fence to protect it from bears.  Although Betsy DeVos is extremely controversial, Democrats will have to fight very hard to block her confirmation.

CIA Director: Mike Pompeo

mike_pompeo_official_portrait_112th_congress

Kansas congressman, Mike Pompeo was questioned about his hardline positions on interrogation techniques and surveillance.  Although Pompeo previously has supported torture techniques being used to interrogate detainees, he stated that he will not support them as CIA director due to laws passed prohibiting torture of people in US custody.  On surveillance, Pompeo stated that he would follow the USA Freedom Act which prohibits some bulk collection of phone and internet data.  Mike Pompeo is expected to be confirmed.

Treasury Secretary: Steven Mnuchin

steven_mnuchin

Mnuchin bought the bank, IndyMac during the 2008 financial crisis and renamed it One West Bank.  One West foreclosed on thousands of homeowners during the housing crisis.  Mnuchin was also accused of investing his money overseas to avoid taxes.  At his hearing, Mnuchin stated that OneWest’s foreclosing on so many homes was a mistake but denied the allegations that he avoided taxes.  Mnuchin will face harsh opposition from Democrats but will likely be confirmed.

Secretary of Health and Human Services: Tom Price

download-4

Congressman Price’s main agenda for the past 6 years has been to try to repeal the affordable care act.  Price also supports cutting Medicare and Medicaid.  Price is also accused of failing to pay taxes several times.  Democrats questioned him harshly on these issues.  Price denied the allegations of tax avoidance and dodged questions about his positions on Medicaid and Medicare instead, stating that soon to be president, Trump will not go back on his previous commitments to preserve these programs.  Price will face intense opposition from democrats but likely will get confirmed.

These are the most controversial of Trump’s appointments to have gone through hearings.  Other nominees will almost certainly be confirmed by the senate and are perceived to be quite moderate.

 

Photos from wikimedia commons.